Community

Emergency Preparedness

June 27th 2018 – It looks like a HEAT WAVE is on its way for Centre Hastings.

Cooling Centres are available at the following locations:

Madoc Public Library, 20 Davidson St.

Friday: 10-5pm

Saturday: 10-1pm

Tuesday: 3:30 – 7:30pm

Wednesday: 10am – 5pm

Thursday: 3:30- 7:30pm

Royal Canadian Legion – Madoc Branch 363, 33 St Lawrence St. E

Daily from 12-7pm – Open Canada Day and Monday

Madoc Ontario Works – 56 Russell Street

Tue – Fri 8:30-4:00pm

Extreme heat can be dangerous for everyone please check on friends, family and neighbours. People who work outdoors, the elderly, some people with disabilities, and children, particularly infants, are more vulnerable.

Safety Tips

If you feel dizzy, weak or overheated:

  • go to a cool place;
  • sit or lie down;
  • drink water;
  • wash your face & arms with cool water.

If you don’t feel better soon, seek medical help immediately

Extreme Heat

Extreme heat affects everyone.  A heat wave can lead to adverse health effects such as heat stroke.  Those at the highest risk for heat-related illness include children less than 4 years of age, seniors over 65, pregnant women, those who are ill or on certain medications and those who work outside.

Heat stroke sufferers can go from seemingly normal to very ill in just minutes; symptoms include hot, dry skin, swelling, rash, cramps, fainting, an absence of sweat, and a rapid and strong pulse. Additionally, victims may become delirious or unconscious. Persons suffering from heatstroke need immediate medical attention.

Sunburn reduced your body’s ability to dissipate heat.

Foods, like meat and other proteins increase metabolic heat production and also increase water loss.

Children, seniors and anyone with health problems should stay in the coolest available place, not necessarily inside; tree-shaded areas could be as much as 5°C/9°F cooler than the surrounding area.

General Tips

Limit exposure to the sun.

  • Take frequent cool showers or baths.
  • Stay on the lowest floor if air conditioning is not available or consider spending the hottest part of the day in air conditioned public buildings.
  • Block the sun by closing awnings, curtains or blinds during the day. If safe, open your windows at night to let cooler air into your home.
  • If you have an air conditioner with a thermostat, keep it set to the highest setting that is comfortable. Using a window air conditioner, cool only one room where you can go for heat relief.
  • Eat well-balanced, light, and regular meals. Avoid using salt unless directed to do so by a physician.
  • Prepare meals that do not need to be cooked in the oven. (Use slow cookers and put outside to cook).
  • Drink fluids (water is recommended) every 15 to 20 minutes even if you do not feel thirsty. Individuals with health problems should consult a physician before increasing their consumption of fluids.
  • Wear light-coloured, loose-fitting clothing that cover as much skin as possible. Protect your face and head by wearing a wide-brimmed hat.  Wear sunglasses that provide full UVA and UVB protection for your eyes. Apply sunscreen, don’t forget ears, nose and SPF lip balm.
  • If you feel dizzy, weak or overheated, go to a cool place. Sit or lie down, drink water and wash your face with cool water and immerse forearms. If you don’t feel better soon, seek medical help immediately.
  • Visit or regularly check on: family members and any frail or elderly neighbors you might know who do not have air conditioning and who are alone.

Extreme Heat and Children:

Extreme heat can be dangerous for all children, especially for infants and young children.  Keep your child cool by dressing your child in loose-fitting, light-coloured clothing made from a breathable fabric.

Heat illnesses include heat stroke, heat exhaustion, heat fainting, heat edema (swelling of the hands, feet and ankles), heat rash (prickly heat) and heat cramps (muscle cramps) caused by over-exposure to heat or over-exertion in the heat, and can lead to long-term health problems and even death.

Watch your child closely for symptoms of heat illness.

They include:

changes in behaviour (sleepiness or temper tantrums)

  • dizziness or fainting
  • nausea or vomiting
  • headache
  • rapid breathing and heartbeat
  • extreme thirst
  • decreased urination with unusually dark yellow urine.

If you see any of these signs during extreme heat, immediately move the child to a cool place and give liquids. Water is best. If you are breastfeeding your child, breast milk will provide adequate hydration, but remember to keep yourself hydrated so you can produce a sufficient amount of milk.

Heat stroke is a medical emergency. Call 911 immediately if you are caring for a child who has a high body temperature and is unconscious, confused or has stopped sweating.

While waiting for help – cool the child right away by applying cold water to large areas of the skin or clothing, or wrap in wet sheets and place in front of a fan.

Children most at risk include those with breathing difficulties (asthma), heart conditions, kidney problems, mental and physical disabilities, developmental disorders, diarrhea, and those who take certain medications. Ask your doctor or pharmacist if the medication increases risk to your child’s health in the heat and follow their recommendations.

Keep your child hydrated: Dehydration is dangerous. Give plenty of cool liquids to drink, especially water, before your child feels thirsty.

Make it fun – Leave a colourful glass by the sink and remind your child to drink after every hand washing.

Make it tasty – Flavouring water with natural fruit juice may make it more appealing.

Make it healthy – Provide extra fruits and vegetables as they have high water content.

Make it routine – Encourage your child to drink water before and after physical activity.

If your home is extremely hot take a break from the heat and spend a few hours with your child in a cool place. It could be a tree-shaded area, swimming facility, spray pad or an air-conditioned spot such as a grocery store or public library.

Bathe your child in a cool bath until your child feels refreshed.

Avoid exposing your child to extreme heat, reschedule or plan outdoor activities during cooler parts of the day.

Before heading out, check the Air Quality Health Index (AQHI) in your area, if available – children are more sensitive to air pollution, which tends to be at higher levels during extreme heat.

When outside air temperature is 23°C/73°F, the temperature inside a vehicle can be extremely dangerous – more than 50°C/122°F. Never leave your child unattended in a vehicle, even with the windows down.  Make sure your child’s safety seat and safety belt buckles aren’t too hot before securing your child, especially when your car has been parked in the heat. Always make sure all children have left the car when you reach your destination.

Extreme Heat and Seniors:

Seniors are advised to limit strenuous activities and pay extra attention to getting enough to drink.  Seniors, who dehydrate enough to get dizzy, run the risk of falling and breaking bones.  If you do not have an air conditioner, go to a library, store or other location with air conditioning for part of the day.

 

Older people may not realize they need more water because the sense of thirst diminishes with age so people do not always know they’re dehydrating.  For the elderly and those with compromised immune systems, the prohibitive heat could be quite harmful.  The elderly’s skin receptors are not capable of feeling the heat as much as others, hence, they have a tendency to develop heat exhaustion which could lead to heat stroke.

Knowing the signs and symptoms of a heat-related illness could save your life:

♦ Heat stroke – Heat stroke is a severe medical emergency. Call for emergency medical assistance immediately by dialing 9-1-1. If possible, move the person into a cool or air-conditioned environment.

Signs of heat stroke may include headache, confusion, nausea, dizziness, high body temperature, difficulty breathing, rapid and strong pulse. Skin may be hot and dry or the person may be sweating. Reduce body temperature with air-conditioning, fanning, water sponging and remove clothing if necessary. Avoid giving fluids.

♦ Heat exhaustion – This condition will give rise to heavy sweating, weakness and cool, pale clammy skin. Although body temperature may be normal there will be a weak pulse. Move the person out of the sun into a cool environment and apply a cool wet cloth while they are lying down. Give sips of water until feeling better, however if vomiting continues, seek immediate medical attention.

♦ Heat cramps – This condition will give rise to painful cramps and muscle spasms in the legs or abdomen. Heavy sweating may also be present. Move the person out of the heat into a cool environment and gently massage the cramping muscle. Give sips of water unless nausea occurs or there are fluid restrictions. The person may experience muscle cramps, dizziness, fainting, and nausea.

Heat related illness and death can be preventable by knowing the symptoms and risk factors that contribute to them. Spending a few hours in an air conditioned location can help your body stay cooler.

Additional Resources:

Health Canada’s “Babies, children and sun safety” www.hc-sc.gc.ca/hl-vs/pubs/sun-sol/babies_child-bebes_enfant-eng.php

Health Canada’s “Is your child safe?” www.hc-sc.gc.ca/cps-spc/pubs/cons/child-enfant/index-eng.php

Health Canada’s “It’s Your Health – Insect Repellents” www.hc-sc.gc.ca/hl-vs/iyh-vsv/life-vie/insect-eng.php

Health Canada and Environment Canada’s “Air Quality Health Index” www.airhealth.ca

 

Are you Prepared?

How you Can Plan for Emergencies

  1. Be Prepared

Make sure everyone in your family knows what to do before, during and after an emergency. As a family, make a plan and discuss how you can best prepare for the most likely hazards that will affect your home. If you live alone, make a plan for yourself and make sure you talk about it with your friends and neighbours.

  1. Make a Plan

Keep a list of emergency phone numbers handy and keep a copy in your “Ready to Go” kit (details below). Select a family member or a friend who lives a distance away from you to be the contact person in the event that you get separated from your family. Make sure everyone in the family has this person’s contact information, put a copy in purses, briefcases, school backpacks etc. and make sure it is stored in electronic devices such as iPods, cellphones or laptops. You can also include floor plans that include where exits and escape routes from each room.

Don’t forget your pets!! Make sure that you have a Pet Emergency Kit (details below) and have a list of pet friendly hotels, kennels, veterinarians or friends who can take your animal, or who you can stay with if you need to evacuate your home.

  1. Prepare your Kit

Make sure you have supplies in your home to be self sufficient for at least 72 hours. You should also prepare a “Ready to Go” kit (below) that has all of the information and supplies that you will need to evacuate quickly, a Pet Emergency Kit (below), and make sure your car has a Car Survival Kit (below) in case you are stranded or need to travel a long distance.

  1. Know your Hazards

Make a list of all of the hazards that may affect you and your home. Contact your local Community Emergency Management Coordinator, Cathie on 613-473-4030, for information on the top local Hazards in your community. Find out how you can prevent, mitigate or prepare for these hazards to ensure that yourself, your family and your pets can remain safe and calm during an emergency.

For more information please check out the information sheets below:

Ready to Go kit                                                       Be Alert Ready

month by month emergency kit                          pet survival kit

car survival kit                                                        72 hour survival kit

BE ALERT READY

Alert Ready is designed to deliver critical and potentially life-saving alerts to Canadians through television and radio. The Alert Ready system is developed in partnership with federal, provincial and territorial emergency management officials, Environment and Climate Change Canada, The Weather Network and the broadcasting industry and wireless service providers, to ensure you receive alerts immediately and know when to take action to keep yourself and your family safe. For more information click: https://www.alertready.ca/#home

Please see the Links below to help ensure you are prepared and safe during an emergency:

www.getprepared.ca

www.ontario.ca/beprepared

How to prepare for, and what to do during a Power Outage – Link Below

power outages-what to do-eng

Flooding Emergencies

Disaster Recovery Assistance for Ontarians – Ministry of Municipal Affairs